14 min read
11 Jun

The days when men didn't concern much about hair loss have long gone. If men could easily get used to baldness in the recent past, we do not see the same picture today. The number of men willing to spend a fortune to regrow hair is on the rise.

The situation is tenser in women. If men can somehow get used to baldness, it is not an option for women. Surprising as it may seem, but the number of women suffering from hair loss gradually increases. According to recent statistics, every fourth woman suffers from lost and thinning hair.

Some people get used to it - others desperately confront hair loss. If you are among the latter, then thoroughly read our article. You will find all the necessary information about hair loss causes that will help you realize which methods are efficient against this problem.

Why do we lose hair?

HAIR LOSS CAUSES IN MEN AND WOMENBefore buying any medication for hair loss, you should be aware of the primary source that causes this process. Hair loss can be treated with different methods. Therefore, to choose the right one, you need to know the source of the problem.

In case you didn't know, everybody who has hair loses it. Approximately 50-100 hairs a day. However, new hairs replace them, and we do not even notice these processes. We lose and regrow around 15% of the scalp hairs each year.

The reasons for hair loss might differ. But it is widely assumed that the most typical reason is a weakened immune system. Unfortunately, most residents of big cities suffer from this disorder due to such well-known reasons as permanent stress and air pollution.

Women lose hair mostly in puerperium and the period of breastfeeding. It is the most common cause of hair loss in women. The mother gives the best she has to the child and often stays without sufficient elements to maintain her immune system.


Some people lose hair due to the side effects of particular medications. We do not speak about such an apparent hair loss cause as chemotherapy, but regular medications, as many of them have side effects that can cause hair loss even in healthy people. Among these medications are antidepressants, diuretics, and well-known aspirin. So, if you consume these medications regularly, be ready that they might cause hair loss.

The deficit of iron in the body might be another significant cause of hair loss. This problem is especially applicable to women who are regularly on a diet.

By and large, hair loss might be the result of various causes:HAIR LOSS CAUSES IN MEN AND WOMEN

  • Dermatitis and seborrhea;
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals (especially at the end of winter and early spring);
  • Hormonal disruptions and age-related hormonal changes;
  • Weak blood supply to the scalp and hair follicles;
  • Caffeine and alcohol;
  • Bad ecology, rain dust, and stress;

HAIR LOSS CAUSES IN MEN AND WOMENIt happens that sometimes we unconsciously lead our hair to the condition of stress. How is that possible? When we go out without a hat in the frost or spend too much time without a cap under the scorching sun, hair suffers. The same may happen if you regularly dye your hair or frequently use a hairdryer. All these cause chronicle vasoconstrictions on the scalp and hair follicles do not obtain the necessary amount of blood needed to maintain healthy hair growth.

Hair loss causes in men

According to the statistics, 30% of men have psychological problems caused by hair loss. Great concern about hair loss mostly leads men to lower self-esteem that, in turn, causes various psychological and physiological diseases. That is why we should never consider hair loss only as a cosmetic issue, but as a more general problem that can lead to other illnesses.


Modern trichology - a science that studies the problems of hair growth, highlights several causes of male pattern baldness:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • infections;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • disruption of the digestive tract;
  • mental disorders and stresses.

What is Androgenic Alopecia?

HAIR LOSS CAUSES IN MEN AND WOMENAndrogenic Alopecia is the most common hair loss type in men. 9 out of 10 hair loss cases in men are caused by Androgenic Alopecia. That is why this type of hair loss is well studied, and the number of men who successfully defeated it increases every year.

Modern medicine states that this type of hair loss is a part of genetic predispositions. This process works as follows: Cells that form hair follicles have high sensitivity to men's hormone androgen; Son inherits these cells from father through genes, and at a particular age, they lead to the disbalance inside hair follicles. Eventually, it leads to hair thinning and baldness.

The amount of hair on the scalp may remain the same, but because of the short growth phase (anagen), they are almost invisible. However, upper neck and back of the head are the most insensitive areas for dihydrotestosterone, and these areas usually preserve hair.

androgenic alopecia

What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia areata is also quite a common phenomenon. This type of pathology was first described by Hippocrates, who witnessed the same phenomenon on the skin of a fox. That is why this pathology is called Alopex, which means a fox in Latin.

This ailment has one unique feature. It can appear on the head and begin to spread to any part of the body covered with hair, including the chin, eyebrows, and even eyelashes. The main sign of this type of baldness is the occurrence of its multiple foci. They may grow and merge.

Many factors can cause Alopecia areata, which considerably complicates the process of diagnosis and treatment of this disease. These factors include genetic predispositions, the trauma of the skull, gastrointestinal problems, infectious diseases, and stress.

alopecia areata

According to recent researches, the pathology proceeds as follows: specific cells, instead of attacking bacterias, destroy hair follicles, perceiving them as alien cells. Therefore, trichologists allege that the disorder of the immune system is the central cause of this disease.

Unfortunately, alopecia areata can recur even after the treatment. Still, modern medicine offers various methods to treat this disease. One of them is ketoconazole shampoo, which induces hair restoration and slows hair loss progress. See our article about ketoconazole shampoo.

Diffuse alopecia in men

Diffuse alopecia is rare in men. It's mostly women's pathology. Diffuse alopecia is a form of hair loss that reduces hair thickness all over the scalp.

In men, diffuse alopecia may appear due to these foremost causes:

  • changes in the hormonal background;
  • malfunctioning of the thyroid gland;
  • skin diseases;
  • the presence of chronic foci of infection.

Besides, diffuse alopecia can be an early sign of the androgenic form of hair loss described above. Thus, it can cause age-related baldness.

diffuse alopecia

What else can cause baldness?

HAIR LOSS CAUSES IN MEN AND WOMENIt is hard to answer this question unambiguously. Whatever the cause is, we all realize that baldness is not an option for most of us. It is an ailment that needs treatment. Hair loss is a source of serious psychological problems for most men. It affects self-esteem, especially at a young age.

Therefore, if you notice that hair loss increases significantly, do not hesitate to undergo an examination to find out the exact cause. Hair loss might also be caused by the stress of the body (surgery, prolonged illness, childbirth in women), and by a side effect of taking certain drugs. As a rule, these are drugs that are prescribed for the treatment of oncology, arthritis, heart disease, depression, and hypertension. In some cases, hair loss might be caused by somatic pathologies - lupus erythematosus, syphilis, herpes zoster, or thyroid disease.

Hair loss causes in women

According to recent researches, every third woman suffers from hair loss in our world. Moreover, half of the females face this ailment at least once in a lifetime. Traditionally, hair loss was believed to be mostly men's problem. Nowadays, this pathology concerns both sexes equally. Moreover, the number of girls who suffer from hair loss at a young age increases consistently.

Intensive hair loss is a signal that something went wrong in the function of the body, and it needs urgent attention. Let's discuss the leading causes of hair loss in women and share some recommendations on how to treat it.

Like men, women lose ten to a hundred hairs a day. It is a normal process, as hairs have their particular cycle of life. But sometimes, something goes wrong, and hairs fall before they reach the end of their life cycle. In such cases, we can state that the body has some problems, as hair health is a direct indicator of overall health.

Hair loss causes in women

Take immediate actions, and consult your doctor, if:

  • Taking a shower, you noticed a much more hair clogging a drain or after a shower hairs remain on a towel. It is the very first and foremost sign that hair loss has started;
  • Hairs are on your pillow after sleep;
  • After combing, you have to clean a comb from massive hair tangles.

You can also find out if you have hair loss with a simple test. Use your hand as a comb and draw hairs from roots to tips three times. If more than five hairs fall, it indicates that hair loss has already started.

There are numerous hair loss causes. Let's define the most significant of them:

  • Gastrointestinal problems. Mostly dysbiosis;Hair loss causes in women
  • Hormones. Check the thyroid gland and the level of sex hormones. Frequently, such ailments can be caused by the use of oral contraceptives or be a symptom of hormonal imbalance during the restructuring of the body. For example, during puberty, pregnancy, the postpartum period, and menopause;
  • Antibiotics, drugs with severe side effects, or aggressive treatment methods like chemotherapy. In this case, as a rule, after the course of treatment, hair gradually restores itself, and excessive loss ends;
  • Seborrhea. It is a malfunctioning of the sebaceous glands in the scalp. Seborrhea has two types - dry and oily. Dry seborrhea causes dandruff, itching, peeling, and sometimes even psoriasis. Oily seborrhea causes the clogging of the pores. Therefore, hair bulbs do not function normally, and hair does not receive enough nutrition;
  • Malnutrition, seasonal vitamin deficiency;
  • Rapid weight loss or a strict diet;
  • Stress. Nervous system disorders. Depression and emotional upheaval;
  • Bad ecology;
  • Parasites: helminthic infestations, toxoplasmosis;
  • Harmful chemicals as low-quality hair dye;
  • Heredity;
  • Cicatricial changes in the scalp. It can be caused by the injuries of the skin, tuberculosis, syphilis, tumors on the head, an obsessive desire to pull out hair (trichotillomania), etc.
  • Some hairstyles such as African braids, dreadlocks, perm, extensions, tight tails, and bunches.

Hair loss causes in women

In some cases of excessive hair loss, a trichologist can diagnose Alopecia (baldness). This disease has several forms, depending on the severity, and each of these types has special treatment.

In the recent past, Alopecia used to be mostly men's ailment. These times have gone. Nowadays, life is more stressful for women than it used to be a few decades ago. Therefore, most trichologists believe that stress is a primary cause of Alopecia in women. Unfortunately, the number of women suffering from this diagnosis increases continuously.

Diffuse alopecia in women

Hair loss causes in womenDiffuse alopecia is the most common form of hair loss among women. It is an ailment characterized by a reduction in hair thickness all over the scalp. Women with this pathology lose more than 100 hairs daily. Hairs fall during the telogen stage (rest period, lack of growth). This type of alopecia is rare in men.

There are two types of diffuse alopecia:

  1. Acute - lasts up to 6 months; it can go even without treatment;
  2. Chronic - lasts more than 6 months, requires systemic treatment.

On average, the telogen phase counts 10-15% of all hair on the scalp, about 10,000 for a healthy person. While the telogen phase lasts about 100 days, the natural rate of hair loss is about 100 hairs per day. However, patients with diffuse alopecia might lose 1000 hairs per day in the acute phase.

Diffuse alopecia in women

In women, diffuse alopecia may appear due to these foremost causes:

  • Lack of nutrition, diet, deficiency of zinc, iron, vitamin D.
  • Intoxication (alcoholic, narcotic, medicinal, infectious);
  • Diseases of the endocrine system;
  • Stress (especially chronic);
  • Postpartum estrogen decline.

How to treat diffuse alopecia in women?

diet women1. First and foremost, correct your eating. It is crucial to exclude diets that do not supply your body with all the essential nutrients needed to maintain healthy hair. Balance your diet and include such minerals as zink, copper, and selenium. Try to keep the daily norm - not less than 14 mg of minerals. According to statistics, even in developed countries, 90% of women do not consume a sufficient amount of minerals.

vitamins hair loss2. You may also balance your diet, adding vitamins in your nutrition. Multicomplexies containing vitamins D, C, B3, B12 can efficiently solve this problem. See our article about vitamins for hair loss.

hair loss in women3. In the case of intoxication, you need medical aid. Hair should regrow after the elimination of all symptoms. You may expedite this process with a balanced diet and hair products that nourish the scalp.

hair loss in women4. If you have an endocrine system dysfunction, you need an appropriate therapy with the supervision of your curing doctor. The symptoms of alopecia should disappear after 6-12 months.

sport hair loss women5. It is absolutely impossible to avoid stress, considering the tempo of the modern lifestyle. However, such remedies as healthy sleep, proper nutrition, and regular sports activities can make you sustainable to it.

childbirth hair loss6. Women frequently experience a decrease in estrogen levels, which causes diffuse alopecia, approximately 2-3 months after the childbirth. No one can precisely predict how long this condition may last. Thus, use the methods described above to accelerate the treatment processes.


It is almost impossible to define actual causes of hair loss without a medical examination, various tests, and analyzes. Do not forget that hair loss can be a sign of severe diseases that require immediate treatment. Therefore, find the source of your hair loss before treating it with cosmetics and folk recipes. It is a fact that any home-made recipes, as well as shampoos and masks, are far from being as efficient as pharmaceutical medications like Minoxidil or Ketoconazole, or even more potent remedies as Finasteride.